Food Safety


You can reduce your risk of food poisoning by thoroughly cooking your food. You are taking chances whenever you eat meat, poultry or fish that’s raw or only partly cooked.


Tips to make sure the meat, poultry or fish you eat is safe

Your cooked food should be kept out of the danger zone (between 4°C (40°F) and 60°C (140°F)), where bacteria grow rapidly.

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Tips to make sure your cooked food is safe

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Microwave safety

Microwaves are great time-savers but they can sometimes leaves cold spots in food where bacteria may survive.

Tips for safe microwaving

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Temperature rules for safe cooking

Meat, poultry, fish and eggs need to be heated to a high enough temperature for a long enough time to prevent harmful bacteria from multiplying. Cook food until it’s inside temperature reaches a safe temperature and then continue cooking for at least 15 seconds :

Required Temperatures for different foods

Whole Poultry ( chicken, turkey, duck) 82°C (180°F)
Poultry Pieces ( chicken, turkey, duck) 74°C (165°F)
Stuffing in poultry 74°C (165°F)
Duck, goose, pheasant 74°C (165°F)
Beef, veal, lamb or goat (pieces and whole cuts) Medium Rare: 63°C (145°F)
Medium:          71°C (160°F)
Well Done:      77°C (170°F)
Pork or fresh cured ham (pieces and whole cuts) 71°C (160°F)

Beef, veal, lamb and pork ground meat and meat mixtures (burgers, sausages, meatballs, meatloaf, casseroles)
71°C (160°F)
Ground poultry 74°C (165°F)
Pork  (pieces and whole cuts) 71°C (160°F)
Seafoods (fish, shellfish and other seafood) 70°C (158°F)
Egg Dishes 74°C (165°F)
Food Mixtures containing poultry, eggs, meat or fish (soups, stews, casseroles, stocks, gravy) 74°C (165°F)
Leftovers 74°C (165°F)
Hot dogs 74°C (165°F)

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Barbeques and Picnics

Ontarians love to barbecue, especially when the weather starts to get warm. Food poisoning risk increases during the summer when people are more likely to be cooking outdoors. Harmful bacteria spread quickly in warm, moist conditions, so it’s especially important to follow safe food handling guidelines. Here’s some food safety tips that can help keep you and your family safe from food poisoning during the warm summer months.

In the cooler

Safe cooking tips

Avoid cross-contamination

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For More Information

Call ServiceOntario, Infoline at 1-866-532-3161
In Toronto, 416-314-5518
TTY 1-800-387-5559
In Toronto, TTY 416-327-4282
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