Fertility Services

Fertility Services


Get Fertility Treatments
How to receive government-funded fertility treatments

Ontario’s Fertility Program

Ontario’s new Fertility Program provides funding to help eligible Ontarians build their families at 51 fertility clinics across the province.

Who can join the program

If you are trying to start or expand a family, you may be eligible to receive government-funded fertility treatments. The program is available to eligible Ontarians of any sex, gender, sexual orientation or family status.

What is infertility?

A common definition of infertility is not being able to become pregnant through intercourse after 12 months of trying, or experiencing repeated miscarriages after becoming pregnant. 

While single people or people in same-sex partnerships may not be medically infertile, they may use fertility treatments in order to build their families.

Age is the single most important factor affecting infertility. Female fertility starts to decline at age 30, and starts to rapidly decline at age 35. Male fertility begins to decline around age 40 and the risk of birth defects doubles.

Eligibility for fertility treatments

Types of fertility treatments

The program offers the following fertility treatments:

  1. Artificial insemination (AI) is a medical procedure used to transfer sperm into the vagina or cervix.
  2. Intra-uterine insemination (IUI) is a type of AI where sperm is directly injected into the uterus with a catheter. The egg is fertilized inside the body.
  3. In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a complex medical procedure where an egg is retrieved and then fertilized by sperm outside the body.  The resulting embryo is then transferred to the uterus for implantation.
  4. Fertility preservation (FP) involves the freezing of sperm or egg samples to be used later in either AI or IVF for patients, who are preparing to undergo treatment that may lead to infertility.

What the program covers

The Fertility Program covers:

The program provides over 10,000 patients with AI and IUI services every year. 
It also provides over 5,000 patients annually with IVF and FP services.

Ontario is removing IVF as an insured service under OHIP, and is instead funding it through contracts with 51 fertility clinics in the province.

How to take part in this program

You can directly contact one of the 51 fertility clinics in the province offering funded services.  However, you are encouraged to speak with your health care provider first to determine if the Fertility Program is an appropriate family-building option for you.

What is not covered under this program

Ontario pays for the costs of AI, including IUI, IVF and FP treatments, but does not cover the cost of fertility drugs. You would still need to cover these drug costs yourself.

The approximate drug costs are:

Some private health plans may cover some of these drug costs.

You would also have to pay for the cost of any other associated services, such as genetic testing, and the storing of sperm, eggs, and embryos.

Wait lists

Fertility clinics are responsible for managing wait times, as they already do, using the physician’s best clinical judgement.

The Ontario government will be monitoring the wait lists across the 51 eligible clinics. Clinics will be required to report regularly to the government on the success of the program, including wait list volumes.

Safety and oversight

To establish a stronger quality and safety framework for the fertility services sector, the government is working with the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario (CPSO) to ensure the highest-quality fertility services.

Quality assurance in hospital-based fertility clinics will continue to be managed through the Public Hospitals Act.

Recommended for you

Read the Advisory Process for Infertility Services – Key Recommendations Report

For more information about pregnancy, birth and childhood in the province of Ontario, check out bornontario.ca

For More Information

Call ServiceOntario, Infoline at 1-866-532-3161
In Toronto, 416-314-5518
TTY 1-800-387-5559
In Toronto, TTY 416-327-4282
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